This is the settlement area of the Greek minority in Safranbolu, a high plateau west of the
sehir. The Greeks lived here until the mutual exchange of
minorities. This is a considerably dense settlement area. The settlement pattern is of a similar character to that of the
sehir. In the Greek houses the use of stone and masonry is more significant.
The streets differ in the sehir and Baglar districts, in regards to both
the topography and the layout.
The streets in the sehir follow the natural curves of the undulating land.
The width, slope and paving of the streets are designed according to the needs
of pedestrian or loaded animal. Horses and donkeys were used as a means of
transport; carriages were rare. The streets are narrow and curvilinear. The
houses project onto the street, providing varying perspectives. In order to widen the narrow street junction, the corners of the houses
are chamfered. A decorated stone corbel supports the top floors of a chamfered
ground floor while in general the projections are supported by wooden brackets. Occasionally the streets end in culs-de-sac.
Streets widen to provide the necessary space for market-places.
The carsi is located at a lower level than the neighbouring settlement
areas; thus the streets allow for the natural flow of people into the city
centre. The streets are paved with stone. Rain water is gathered in the central
axis accentuated by placing the largest paving stones on either side. An
additional sidewalk has not been provided, as the streets are themselves
pedestrian walkways. As a result of the undulating land
structure, one side of the street is generally defined with a retaining wall. Frequently there are stone or wooden bridges over the
The same design principles are valid for the streets in the Baglar district,
except that the slopes are less steep. Houses occur more frequently on the main
roads and on streets opening onto them. Going inwards, the garden walls tend to
run longer along the streets and the houses are fewer. The visual
continuation of the street pattern on the garden walls makes one perceive the
street wider than it actually is. The branches of the fruit trees overhanging
the garden walls give shade to the streets. The irrigation water runs through
canals along the street. At certain points there are grindstones
placed for communal use. Culs-de-sac are more frequent in the Baglar
district. Houses are generally adjacent to the street. Occasionally
there are garden gates with canopies.
Houses both in the sehir and the Baglar district have gardens, those of the
latter naturally being larger. Houses in the sehir are rarely without gardens.
The garden is separated from the street by a wall parallel to its natural
curve. The boundaries are defined by the street; the form of the house cannot
alter this in anyway. On the contrary, the house form is altered so as to be in
perfect harmony with the street. This demonstrates the dominance of public
property over private property. The wall can be a retaining wall and its height
is generally slightly over the height of an average man, thus preventing the
garden being seen from the street. The wall can be either of stone or adobe. There may be a capping of either tiles or wooden shingles to
protect it from the rain. The wooden shingles (tura) may be
inclined solely outwards or on both sides. The partitions between
neighbouring gardens can be either wooden partitions or low walls. The coping of
the partition wall is inclined towards the garden to which it belongs.
Entrance from the street to the garden is through gates with double doors and
a canopy on top, resembling in design the entrance door of the house.
There can also be gates on the partition walls of neighbours who are on good
terms, providing easy acces from one to the other without having to change
The gardens are the most important areas of production. Especially in the
summer quarters, they are extremely large. The production realized in the summer
gardens enables the system of double residency: summer and winter.
The gardens are terraced: They are divided into vegetable gardens,
fruit orchards and vineyards according to their form, steepness, size, soil
composition, exposure to wind and sun, accesibility and irrigation conditions.
Flowers are planted in and around the areas set aside for leisurely activities
or for domestic chores.
The Vegetable Gardens: They are of a reasonable size and occupy a
place suitable for irrigation. These are some of the vegetables planted in the
Summer Vegetables: Beans, tomatoes, pepper, cucumbers, egg-plants,
summer varieties of squash, corn, okra, beetroot, onions, garlic, potatoes,
peas, broad-beans, mint and parsley.
Winter Vegetables: Spinach, leeks, cabbages, lettuce, carrots, winter
varieties of squash, turnips (red and white).
The Fruit Orchards: The fruit trees are numerous and have a rich
variety of species. Those most commonly encountered are mulberries (three
species); apples (three species); plums (six species), pears (four species);
sour cherries, cherries (four species), comelian cherries; quinces, almonds,
walnuts, hazelnuts and figs.
You can also see pine trees in the gardens of the Baglar region, a tangible
evidence of the affection people of Safranbolu have for trees.
The Vineyards: Safranbolu is famous for its grapes, which explains why
the largest summer resort area is called Baglar: The Vineyards. In the 1950s,
before the disease of floxera reached the area the vineyards were very large and
productive. Several species of grapes were grown, some being peculiar to the
area. The number that can be instantly called to mind amount to ten!
Most of the vegetables, fruits and grapes were consumed year-round by the
households, playing an important role in the self -sufficient economy. Only the
excess produce was sold.